Using PowerPoint Presenter View to help deliver Great Presentations
March 28, 2011 7 Comments
I am frequently amazed by the number of people who I meet in my training sessions who use PowerPoint as a key tool for their jobs, regularly stand up and present to groups of customers or colleagues, and have never even heard of Presenter View, let alone used it.
What does Presenter View offer?
Presenter View has been available in PowerPoint for nearly ten years, and allows you (the presenter) to see much more than the audience. Specifically, you will be able to see on your screen:
- the current slide exactly as the audience see it (and which stage of “building” the slide you are up to)
- your speaker notes to remind you of important points to say, and other facts to refer to in answering questions
- all of your slides (including hidden ones to remind you they are there), shown as a series of thumbnails across the bottom, rather like a film strip (down the side in 2002/3)
- slide <number> of <total slide count>
- the elapsed time
- the time of day (2007 onwards)
- access to tools such as pen and highlighter to draw on screen and annotate slides on the fly, again without turning around (2007 onwards)
This means that you can sit or stand facing your audience without needing to keep turning around to see the screen to know where you are up to (or far worse, to read it out to your audience). It can also help you to follow good practice and avoid including lots of things on your slides to remind you what to say, by making everything easily available in your notes section. This means you can remove lots of the words from your slides – or perhaps all of them, using only a picture to illustrate your topic.
One of the reasons it may be a well-kept secret is that it was quite basic in its first appearance in PowerPoint 2002 (aka PowerPoint XP) but was still a little clunky and inflexible – you could not change the size of the panes for example, so if you had very visual slides and lots of notes, you could not always see them properly. So even those who discovered or read about the feature may have soon given up on using it, and not passed on the idea to others. A screenshot of Presenter View from PowerPoint 2003 is shown below (click for larger version).
The whole layout was radically overhauled and made more flexible in 2007 – you can resize the three main areas (slide, notes, ‘film strip’), as well as zoom the notes area to make text smaller or larger, a great help if you need to stand further away from your main screen. This same layout has been retained for PowerPoint 2010, as seen below.
How do you turn on Presenter View?
First you need to set up your Windows desktop so that you are using both physical screens and showing something different on each (not a duplicate). This might be your laptop and a monitor on your desk, or a projector in a meeting room.
Second, you set up the slide show in PowerPoint to use Presenter View, although if someone has already done this last time and saved the file, it should have the option already ticked.
Prepare your desktop
In Windows Vista and 7 press the Windows key + P, which brings up a set of four options as shown below – you need to choose “extend” so that you now have one super-large desktop which stretches across your main screen and secondary one.
Most laptops have some kind of keyboard shortcut to do something similar, such as Fn + F7, but in general I find that the Windows option tends to give better results, particularly if the two screens have very different sizes or aspect ratios (eg a widescreen laptop capable of 1280 x 800 or higher with a 4:3 projector running at 1024 x 768 or similar). The built-in hardware switch tends to be a bit more “dumb” and may end up squashing one screen or stretching the other, or simply not using the whole of the available area (often limiting your lovely large widescreen display with black bars down either side).
With Windows XP the keyboard option is often the quickest, although some graphics cards had specific tools provided with their drivers to make it easy – simply right click on the desktop and look for choices such as “graphics options” or “display tools”. Failing all of those, choose “Properties” then go to the “settings” tab and set up the displays in there.
Set up your slideshow
In PowerPoint 2002 or 2003, go to the Slide Show menu, choose “Set up show” and look for the option labelled “Show on” you can choose the appropriate screen from there. That simply makes sure the show turns up where it should (usually a projector). You need to also tick the box to “Show Presenter View” if that is what you want.
In 2007 and 2010 simply go to the Slide Show Ribbon and the options are directly shown there (which means it is obvious if someone has already set this correctly).
In all cases, you can’t tick the box for presenter view if you do not already have the system set up to use a second monitor (you will get an error explaining this and a prompt to check you system, which will take you to the screen resolution dialogue so you can change things there if needed). Once you have ticked the box and save your presentation, it will remember this setting next time you use the same slide show.
Test it before your present
Do make sure you test this out before your audience walk in to be sure the presentation appears on the correct screen. Also take this opportunity to adjust the size of the three areas by dragging their boundaries, and make sure this is suited to where you will actually sit or stand to present from.
Is this really such a secret?
I recently gave a keynote speech about presenting skills (not specifically about PowerPoint, but rather the “soft skills” side of things) to a large audience, many of whom were in middle or senior management positions, and several in sales or marketing roles. Lots of them asked in the break afterwards how I had been able to present for an hour without any reference to notes or cue cards (it was clear I was not reading from the projector screen since there were barely more than 100 words across more than 30 slides in the whole show).
None of them had seen Presenter View before, and once shown how it could be used they could immediately see how it would make their jobs easier and their presentations appear much more professional. Even if you are well prepared and don’t actually need to read from your notes, simply knowing they are there can help calm the nerves of timid presenters.
I also find that because I tend to use visual slides with very large images I can stand well back from the screen and can still see enough to know what is coming up, and this helps segue smoothly from one topic to the next.
(Bonus tip: many people practice every slide again and again, but often forget to practice the bits that join it all together into a single seamless presentation. Practice these joins and Presenter View will help remind you what is coming up so you can present more fluidly, and your audience will follow more easily).
If you regularly give presentations, with or without PowerPoint, you may like to take a look at my recommended reading list for people who present, which includes several books on presentation design, some on delivery, and others on improving communication of ideas in general.
There are links to loads of great tutorials and videos about using Office at blogs.office.com. A video tutorial on the Office Casual blog caught my eye today and reminded me that I had been meaning to post about Presenter View for ages. This very informative video from Doug Thomas has several great tips about improving your presentations from industry gurus such as Seth Godin (6 words maximum on a slide), Guy Kawasaki (10-20-30 rule) and Garr Reynolds (using images effectively to tell a story), as well as a show-and-tell section about using Presenter View:
What about you?
Do you already use Presenter View? Or have you never heard of it before? Have you tried and struggled with it for some reason? Have you recently started using it and found your presentations and confidence improve because of it? Share your experiences in the comments below…